Nerine Bowdena is a beautiful plant that has long been loved by gardeners. Original and bright, it will decorate any garden or windowsill, provided that it is properly cared for.
- Nerine Bowdena - what a plant
- Types and features
- How to care for
- Planting and reproduction rules
- What diseases and pests can suffer, how to remove to fight
Nerine Bowdena - what a plant
Nerine Bowdena - belongs to the bulbous, widespread among gardeners. Differs in frost resistance and can be used as a garden. The article will tell you about its types, features of care and methods of reproduction.
This bulbous flower comes from South Africa, but thanks to its beauty it quickly spread throughout the world as a garden culture.
Nerine Bowdena or Spider Lily, as it is also called, is a flower with linear narrow leaves of dark green color. The plant stem reaches a height of half a meter. At the end of the bare stem is an umbrella-like inflorescence that forms simultaneously with the leaves.
The umbrella of Nerine's inflorescences is represented by a pair of funnel-shaped flowers of white, red, pink or even rich crimson colors.
The bulb of plants is 3 - 5 cm in diameter.
The flowering period takes place in early September and October. Depending on climatic conditions, it can be grown both as indoor and garden.
Types of plants and their features
In nature, there are several varieties of flower culture. The following are common.
This species is the progenitor of many hybrids. Differs in red, white and orange flowers. The petals are narrow, twisted at the top of the stems.
Rare view. Flowers are represented by inflorescences of light bells, which are located at the ends of elongated stems. The flowering period is autumn.
The bulb is round, 3 cm in diameter. There are from four to six leaves, the color is gray-greenish. One stem can have from four to six flowers;
Introduced to Europe from Cape Verde. The leaves of the flower are ribbon-shaped and linear and appear completely only after the flower has faded. The flowers are large, lily-like. The color is red.
There are many hybrid species, but the most notable is Nerine Bowden. The cold-resistant and strong plant is much less whimsical than its brethren.
How to care for
The main principles of care include:
- Maintaining bright indirect light;
- Maintaining a temperature of 23-25 ° C during the dormant period of the bulbs and 8-10 ° C after Nerine has faded. The latter is important, since if this rate is exceeded, the plant will not bloom the next year;
- Optimal watering. So after the plant has faded, watering should be reduced, reduced by the spring period, up to a complete cessation until the period of the next germination;
- Mandatory presence of a dormant period - from May to August. The plant does not need to be fed during this period. You can plant a flower again at the beginning of the last month of summer;
- Selection of the most suitable soil for planting - a mixture of sand, clay and humus in equal proportions. Top dressing can be carried out with liquid fertilizers once a week during the flowering period and twice a month after the end;
- Correct transplant - planting bulbs should be in a pot no more than 13 cm in diameter. It is worth placing the onion without burying the head.
An important feature is its cold resistance.
So for Nerine Bowden, planting and care in the open field is based on the following rules:
- Disembarkation is only possible in mild climates;
- It is recommended to plant a flower in sunny, moderately humid areas with protection from winds;
- It is recommended to plant in open soil in early July-August;
- The distance between the bulbs is 7-10 cm;
- After planting, the soil must be covered from above with a layer of sawdust or grass cutting, which will keep it from freezing.
Nerine Bowden can withstand cold temperatures down to -8 ° C, but it is important to remember that excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the bulb, and too wet winters can freeze it.
Planting and reproduction rules
The basic landing rules include:
- You cannot cut off the green leaves of the plant;
- The diameter of the pot should not exceed 13 cm;
- Abundant watering before germination is not recommended;
- You should not transplant Nerina more than once every four years;
- There must be a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot;
- It is important to regularly ventilate the room where the flower stands.
With the exact execution of all these rules, the flower will live for sure and will delight the owners with flowering.
There are several ways to reproduce a flower.
Reproduction through seeds
Seeds are mixed with sand before planting. Moistened vermiculite can act as a nutrient medium. The mixture is poured into a box and left for two to three weeks at a temperature of 22 ° C. After the seeds have risen, the temperature must be lowered to 14-18 ° C. Breeding Nerina from seeds is carried out for three years without a break for a dormant period.
Reproduction through children
To do this, during the spring transplant, it is enough to separate the small plants from the large bulbs and plant them in a separate container. After three to four years, the young plant will bloom.
Despite the seeming troublesome cultivation of Nerina, this plant is worth the effort. It will be the perfect addition to any gardener's collection.
What diseases and pests can suffer, how to remove to fight
Nerine rarely suffers from diseases and pests. However, the plant is not immune from decay of the bulb. In order to prevent this from happening, it is recommended to control watering.
Often, however, the flower can suffer from the attacks of aphids. In this case, it is worth immediately treating the plant with special chemicals. If after the first treatment the pests have not disappeared, the procedure should be repeated after a few days.
Nerine Bowdena is a perennial flower. Differs in cold resistance, that is, Nerine Bowden in the open field feels rather well.
The plant bulb is mostly located above the soil. Flowers on one stem can be from six to twelve.
Additional information about the features of the plant and recommendations for its cultivation - in the video: