Tomatoes are one of the most common and popular vegetable crops. The color of the fruit in full ripeness can be green, yellow, red and even black.
The vegetable grower faces a difficult choice problem. The less land is allocated for this crop in the garden, the more difficult it is to pick up fruitful, tasty and disease-resistant varieties. We will try to find out what the tomato burlak f1 is, a description of this hybrid and the peculiarities of cultivation.
- Tomato burlak f1, plant description
- Features of growing tomatoes "Burlak f 1" for seedlings
- Formation and cultivation of Burlak f 1 tomatoes in the open field
Tomato burlak f1, plant description
Many gardeners are wary of vegetables labeled f1. This is primarily due to the fact that this is the designation for hybrid plants of the first generation. Their peculiarity lies in the fact that the declared properties are manifested only in those fruits that are grown from purchased seeds.
If seeds collected from hybrid fruits are sown on their own, then it is impossible to predict the result. According to the laws of genetics, splitting of traits is observed in second-generation hybrids. Tomato "Burlak f 1" is no exception. Therefore, only tomatoes grown from purchased seeds will yield the same varietal harvest.
This hybrid belongs to early maturing tomatoes with unlimited growth. Designed for outdoor cultivation. The originator of the hybrid is the Ural association "Sady Rossii". The peculiarities of the hybrid begin to appear immediately after the appearance of real leaves on the seedlings.
The leaves of the "barge haule f 1" are large, they do not have cuts, the leaf plate is whole. In appearance, the leaves are similar to those of an eggplant. The hybrid has a strong root system and thick stems. The fruits are rather large for early tomatoes. The weight of the first ripe tomatoes is not less than 0.5 kg.
Fruits are rounded, slightly flattened with well-defined ribbing. The color at full maturity is bright, red. The seed chambers are small, the flesh is firm and of good taste. Variety for table use, recommended for growing in personal plots.
Very often, amateur gardeners confuse the "Burlak" hybrid with another variety called "Minusinsky Burlak". It is quite easy to distinguish these tomatoes. The variety "Burlak Minusinsk" has a potato leaf, and the color of the fruit is a rich red-raspberry color. In order to grow a decent crop of tomatoes, you need to take care of the seedlings in advance.
Features of growing tomatoes "Burlak f 1" for seedlings
Taking into account the fact that in most regions, the planting of tomatoes in open ground occurs in the first decade of June, so that the seedlings do not overgrow, it is necessary to sow seeds in late March - early April. The principles of growing seedlings of this hybrid do not differ from obtaining seedlings of other varieties, but it has its own characteristics.
Despite the fact that tomato seedlings tolerate transplanting well and are very often sown in common boxes, taking into account the price of seeds of the Burlak f 1 hybrid and the limited number of pieces in one bag, it is advisable to sow them in individual pots of small volume. After two or three true leaves appear on the seedlings, the seedlings must be transplanted into cups with a volume of at least 0.5 liters.
Taking into account the fact that tomatoes are able to form additional roots in the lower part of the stem, then when picking tomato seedlings, barge f 1, the seedlings need to be slightly buried in the ground. 8-10 days after picking, the seedlings need to be fed with any complex mineral fertilizer for seedlings.
This must be done without fail, since the seedling grows in a small volume of soil for up to 50 - 60 days. You can take five tablespoons of wood ash, pour five liters of water and water the seedlings after three days of infusion. The second feeding should be done after 15 days. Experienced vegetable growers advise the following mixture:
- 1 liter of water
- 250 ml fresh milk
- 4 drops of iodine alcohol tincture
Such feeding increases tolerance to diseases and will also be a good prevention of late blight. With proper care, a beautiful, even and strong seedling of the Burlak hybrid tomato will grow by the beginning of summer.
Formation and cultivation of tomatoes Burlak f 1 in the open field
For growing tomatoes, a garden bed is suitable where peas, beans, cabbage, cucumbers or pumpkins grew. Important! You cannot plant tomato seedlings in those beds where nightshade crops grew in the previous season. These include:
- vegetable peppers
The bed is dug onto a shovel bayonet. For digging, you can add 5 kg of humus per square meter. meter. It is not bad to add 1 - 2 tbsp. tablespoons of phosphorus, potash and nitrogen fertilizers. After digging, holes are filled. This can be done with a hoe. The distance between the holes is 0.6 meters. The distance between the rows is also 0.6 m.
The seedlings in the holes are placed slightly obliquely. This technique will help the plant to form additional roots. The hole is closed with soil and the tomato is well watered. After that, the watering site is mulched with a layer of soil. When growing a Burlak hybrid, you must:
- delete all stepchildren
- form a plant into one stem
- tie to a trellis
- loosen the ground regularly
- Spud the plants 1-2 times high
- remove weeds in a timely manner
Once upon a time, immediately after the discovery of America, tomatoes came to Europe. However, in most countries, tomatoes simply did not have time to ripen. The Russian scientist A.T. Bolotov worked very hard to popularize culture. It was he who was one of the first in the 19th century to propose ripening tomatoes and growing them through seedlings.
Since that time, breeders have bred many varieties and hybrids for growing outdoors in short and not very warm summers. Tomato burlak f 1 is ideal for growing outdoors through seedlings in most temperate regions.
Video about sowing tomato seeds for seedlings: