Calla is the most famous flower of the aroid family. Breeders have bred new varieties that are notable for their small height and have different flower colors. Calla belongs to unpretentious plants, but so that the flowers do not chop and remain bright, you need to know all the intricacies of care.
- Calla planting
- Features of the care of Calla
- Diseases and pests
Calla planting technology is no different from planting other tuberous indoor plants. In order for Calla to please with beautiful and bright flowers, it is necessary to choose the right planting material.
Quality planting material:
- The tubers are smooth, juicy and large.
- If the planting material is in the package, then the bag should be filled with sawdust.
- Each tuber should have a bud.
- The skin of the tuber should be evenly colored and not damaged.
- It is good if the tubers are grown in local climatic conditions, then there is no need to fear adaptation problems.
It is better to choose a large pot for Calla, this plant does not like a close existence. Optimal pot size: height from 50 cm, diameter from 40 cm. With good nutrition and proper care, the flower grows very quickly.
Be sure to lay a layer of expanded clay or pebble drainage on the bottom of the pot. When choosing a soil, it is better to give preference to a nutrient mixture of turf, compost and leafy soil in equal proportions.
Before planting, you need to soak the tubers in a weak solution of manganese to reduce the risk of decay. Often after soaking, tuber defects become visible. If there are growths or dry rot, then you can clean it with a knife and disinfect it with brilliant green.
Large tubers are buried to a depth of 12 cm, small ones up to 6 cm. If you lay a tuber higher than 4 cm, then there will be problems with leaf lodging. After planting, the pot is covered with plastic wrap to maintain heat and moisture.
Calla propagates by dividing tubers or seeds. When dividing a tuber, it is advisable not to use sharp objects, it is better to break off with your hands. Sprinkle fresh places with charcoal or grease with brilliant green. After the appearance of green shoots, remove the film, put the pot on the windowsill. Caring for Calla is quite simple, but requires knowledge of some points.
Features of the care of Calla
In order for Calla to please with beautiful and large flowers, you need to know some features:
- Calla lilies love warmth and diffused light. Better if the light falls in the afternoon.
- During the growing season, it is important to maintain soil moisture and maintain regular watering.
- A mature plant requires moderation in watering and is produced only if the topsoil is dry.
- White calla lilies love moisture more than colored calla lilies.
- Calla lilies love humid air. You can place the pot in a tray and pour 2-3 cm of water into it. Top up as it evaporates. At temperatures above 20 degrees, Calla needs to be sprayed on the leaves.
- Calla is afraid of drafts. For a dormant period, the pot can be removed to the pantry or basement. Calla feels good at a temperature of 14-16 degrees.
- Calla will thank you for regular fertilizing with large flowers. You can use both special fertilizers and flowering agents.
- The topsoil should be changed every 3-4 months. It is recommended to add nutritional mixtures. You can make a depression along the edge of the pot and add food to it.
Some growers claim that Calla sheds leaves. Others claim that the plant stays green all the time. Which one is right? Mostly colored varieties of plants shed their leaves, white Calla most often retains greenery.
Diseases and pests
Of all types of diseases, Calla is most often attacked by gray, brown and bacterial rot. Fungal infections are less common:
- Gray rot. This disease affects the entire plant and looks like a dirty film. Gray rot is most often caused by infected planting material, soil, water, or the proximity of diseased plants.
- In addition to gray rot, Calla can develop brown rot. It affects the entire plant, from leaves to roots. Brown rot occurs from excess moisture and a high content of nitrogen fertilizers. To get rid of brown rot, it is necessary to stop watering, reduce the temperature in the room and, if possible, remove the wet layer of soil, add dry.
- Bacterial rot. This rot is wet. It manifests itself in the darkening of peduncles, roots and parts of leaves. Bacterial rot is virtually untreatable. It is required to remove all damaged parts of the plant. To prevent bacterial rot, tubers must be disinfected.
- Anthracnose. This is a fungal disease of the plant. It appears in brown spots on the leaves. Later, the edge of the spot becomes purple, and the center becomes light. Calla's treatment for anthracnose consists in removing diseased leaves and treating them with fungicides.
If the leaves of Calla are curled and a sticky coating is visible on them, then most likely pests have attacked it. Of the pests, Calla is loved by ticks and aphids.
For aphids, you can spray the plant with a solution of laundry soap or put the plant in a basin and rinse it thoroughly with soapy water. If the soap does not help, then you should use a special preparation, for example, Bison, Biatlin, Antitlin.
The reason for the appearance of a spider mite is dry air and temperatures above 24 degrees. The first sign of a spider mite: yellow blotches on the leaves. Later, uneven dried areas appear on the leaves. The fight against spider mites consists in processing the leaves with Lightning, Vertimek or Fitoverm.
Calla is a sophisticated and elegant flower. Discreet delicate flowers and large varnished leaves have won the hearts of millions of flower growers. Competent care and the conditions created will make Calla the main decoration of any windowsill.
See how to grow calla lilies in the video: